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The most important raptor bottleneck along the Mid-Mediterranean Flyway. MEDRAPTORS is running here the Strait of Messina Bird Observatory project.
Located at the northernmost point of the mid-western Mediterranean basin, where the ridge of the Ligurian Apennines is close to the sea.
One of the most impressive bottlenecks of the entire world. About one million raptors are counted here each autumn. The most abundant species are: Honey Buzzard, Steppe Buzzard, Black kite. Also relevant numbers of eagles and harriers migrate at the site.
A small archipelagus, with Malta as main island, located between southeastern Sicily and Libya. The main raptors migrating (mostly in autumn) are Western Marsh Harriers and juvenile Honey Buzzards.
A promontory in north-east of Tunisia where many raptors pass in spring before to start the crossing toward Sicily.
Crucial point for Palearctic migrants. About 20.000 Lesser-spotted Eagles migrate there together with Short-toed Snake Eagles, Honey Buzzards, Common/Steppe Buzzards and many others.
In north-west Turkey between the Mediterranean and the Marmara Sea. A stream of raptors cross the Strait in autumn, and perhaps in spring too, but systematic observations are lacking in this season.
The most important bottle-neck along the Western Palearctic Flyway. The relatively short distance between Spain and Morocco (about 14 km) allows to an impressive number of raptors to overcome the Mediterranean Sea.
A small island in Southern Greece between Crete and the Peloponnesus. In autumn raptors and Honey Buzzards in particular are funneled at the site.
A huge mountain located close the Aegean coast in Northern Greece. Hundreds of Short-toed Snake Eagles are observed moving toward/from the Channel of Bosphorus together with other migrating raptors.
A small island in the Aeolian archipelago. Thousands of Honey Buzzards are observed in spring when they bypass the Strait of Messina thanks to a good tailwind assistance.
Small island in the Tyrrhenian Sea that is attractive for raptors during spring migration. Honey Buzzards and Marsh Harriers are the most abundant species.
Mountainous island located 30 km off Western Sicily. Impressive migration in both seasons but in autumn in particular. Black Kites, Honey Buzzards and Egyptian Vultures migrate at the site.
A volcanic island locate a the easternmost point of the Sicilian Channel.
Located in central Italy is attractive for some hundreds of Marsh Harriers and juvenile Honey Buzzards during autumn migration. Large wetlands are located north of the site.
A promontory located on the Adriatic coast of central Italy. A number of Honey Buzzards and Marsh Harriers are observed migrating at the site during spring in the way to Eastern Europe.
Promontory located at the easternmost site of Italy. During spring here it is possible to detect part of the migratory flow of raptors that cross the Adriatic Sea. The area is a stop-over site for harriers and falcons.
A mountain chain in Southern Italy where the Peninsula is narrower. Autumn migration is relevant for Honey Buzzards and Black Kites.
A mountain chain close the coast of nortwestern Italy. Mainly Short-toed Snake Eagles migrate at the site moving north in autumn and south in spring.
Between Corsica and Sardinia, limited numbers of raptors were observed migrating during spring, mostly Honey Buzzards, Marsh Harriers and Red-footed falcons.
Black kites breeding in central and southern Italy migrate along the Mid-Mediterranean Flyway, passing over the Strait of Messina and often at the island of Pantelleria.
The breeding populations of Spain, France and Italy migrate across the Strait of Gibraltar.
Short-toed Snake-eagles breeding in the Balkans migrate across the Bosphorus, Middle-East and reach Africa through the Channel of Suez.